By R.H. Robins
This whole revision and updating of Professor Robins' vintage textual content deals a entire account of the historical past of linguistic inspiration from its eu origins a few 2500 years in the past to the current day. It examines the autonomous improvement of linguistic technology in China and Medieval Islam, and particularly in India, which used to be to have a profound impact on ecu and American linguistics from the top of the eighteenth century. The fourth version of a quick historical past of Linguistics provides a better prominence to the paintings of Wilhelm von Humboldt, end result of the lasting significance of his paintings on language on the subject of basic eighteenth century considering and of its perceived relevance within the latter half the 20th century to a number of points of generative grammatical thought. the ultimate part, overlaying the 20 th century, has been rewritten and divided into new chapters, in order to deal successfully with the more and more divergent improvement of descriptive and theoretical linguistics that came about within the latter half this century. Readable and authoritative, Professor Robins' advent offers a transparent and up to date evaluate of all of the significant concerns within the mild of latest scholarly debate, and may be crucial interpreting for undergraduate and graduate scholars of linguistics alike.
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Extra info for A Short History of Linguistics, original edition
Or did it possess its own dynamic and create its own markets? To address these questions we also need to examine the supply side: why do firms move insurance across borders? 71 A firm may move abroad to avoid losing market share to another domestic competitor expanding abroad. There is support in the insurance evidence for this. 73 This was not true of the first British insurance exporters, who used their founders’ existing trading connections to determine the initial pattern of their overseas business.
As the above survey suggests, there was a wide range of methods by which insurance was sold across borders during the nineteenth century. 55 The range of nations involved in the export of fire insurance by the later nineteenth century was also remarkable. Although British exporters were most Introduction 13 numerous almost everywhere, many markets experienced a diversity of foreign entrants. 56 The share of national markets captured by foreign entrants varied considerably. Pearson and Lönnborg have compiled data for 21 markets in 12 countries during the period 1870 to 1914, covering fire, marine, inland transport, non-life or all branches of insurance as the sources allow.
However, a fundamental question remains to be answered: what sort of marine insurance policies were available? g. seawater damage). Any policy covering both total loss and particular averages was called ‘against all risks’. g. 34 The exporter chose which policy to use. 38 It all depended on individual tolerance of or aversion to risk, as well as on the packing used. For example, a British merchant packing his textile cargoes for the Southern Cone in tarpaulin would be more inclined not to insure against particular averages, as tarpaulin provided a splendid protection against seawater damage.
A Short History of Linguistics, original edition by R.H. Robins