By Agamenon R. E. Oliveira
This ebook strains the historical past of the concept that of labor from its earliest levels and exhibits that its extra formalization ends up in equilibrium precept and to the primary of digital works, and so pointing the best way forward for destiny learn and applications.
The concept that whatever continues to be consistent in a computer operation is especially previous and has been expressed by way of many mathematicians and philosophers similar to, for example, Aristotle. hence, an idea of strength built. one other very important thought in computing device operation is Archimedes' lever principle.
In sleek occasions the concept that of labor is analyzed within the context of utilized mechanics in most cases in Lazare Carnot mechanics and the mechanics of the recent iteration of polytechnical engineers like Navier, Coriolis and Poncelet. during this context the observe "work" is ultimately followed. those engineers also are liable for the incorporation of the concept that of labor into the self-discipline of economics once they endeavoured to mix the learn of the paintings of machines and males together.
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This e-book was once initially released sooner than 1923, and represents a replica of a major old paintings, conserving an identical structure because the unique paintings. whereas a few publishers have opted to observe OCR (optical personality popularity) know-how to the method, we think this ends up in sub-optimal effects (frequent typographical mistakes, unusual characters and complicated formatting) and doesn't competently guard the old personality of the unique artifact.
This paintings has been chosen by way of students as being culturally vital, and is a part of the data base of civilization as we all know it. This paintings used to be reproduced from the unique artifact, and is still as actual to the unique paintings as attainable. as a result, you can see the unique copyright references, library stamps (as each one of these works were housed in our most crucial libraries round the world), and different notations within the paintings.
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Additional info for A History of the Work Concept: From Physics to Economics
Dialectics operates on these three dimensions as a unifying principle and in spite of the specificities of each one from a scientific point of view, which implies particular sciences to study each individual field of knowledge, they belong to the same reality. In addition there is no consensus among Marxists with respect to the existence of dialectics in natural processes. These disagreements in some cases affirm that the above point of view represents a metaphysical vision (Lukács 1979). Recent developments in system dynamics where the concepts of complexity and chaos appear have encouraged new studies on the dialectics of nature.
Are all opinions equivalent or can some of them be disregarded? Marxism tries to escape from this relativist trap without adopting a positivist viewpoint, postulating that there is a privileged point of reference for regarding historical facts, namely, the viewpoint of oppressed and exploited classes. Conversely, politically and economically dominant classes all have an interest in hiding and mystifying historical truth. It being impossible to separate ideological aspects from the facts of social life, we can regard social facts from the viewpoint of exploited classes.
In the second case being and object coincide practically. It is also important to note that even nature sciences are affected by ideological questions, but in a different way, because all manner of science is socially produced, being influenced by the social interests and political structures that govern the world. In human sciences the problem is more delicate because of the inseparability of these sciences and ideological influences. The central question to be analyzed is how to consider scientific knowledge in this field.
A History of the Work Concept: From Physics to Economics by Agamenon R. E. Oliveira