By Dawn-Marie Gibson
The unencumber of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's huge archive of surveillance records, interviews, and firsthand debts has made it attainable to bare the reality at the back of the myths and misperceptions in regards to the kingdom of Islam. This complete source catalogues the days, areas, and other people that formed the philosophies from its youth via to its current incarnation.
The definitive resource at the topic, A heritage of The kingdom of Islam: Race, Islam, and the hunt for Freedom attracts on over a dozen interviews, besides archival and rarely-used resources. The e-book departs from the standard "Malcolm X-centric" therapy of the topic, and as a substitute examines the early management of Fard Muhammad, demanding situations traditional perspectives on Malcolm X, and explores the current day inner politics of the stream submit Louis Farrakhan's retirement.
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Additional info for A History of the Nation of Islam: Race, Islam, and the Quest for Freedom
The monies which I received all came from members of the Moslem Temple in Chicago. C. in order to avoid 30 A History of the Nation of Islam detection by disaffected NOI recruits. 11 Elijah’s initial efforts to ensure the NOI’s survival were hindered by a series of internal power struggles and the ongoing arrest and detention of male members for refusing the draft. 12 NOI converts were not alone in their efforts to skirt complying with the draft. 13 Hopes that “closing ranks” with their white counterparts in the First World War would translate into increased rights at home after the war were misplaced.
As a young teenager, Malcolm performed exceptionally well at school despite the turmoil that had punctuated his Building an Empire, 1934–1960 39 young childhood. His dreams of becoming a lawyer came to a premature end after his teacher, Mr. ”40 Malcolm left school after this encounter and soon thereafter moved to Boston with his sister, and later moved to New York. Malcolm drifted into criminality in Harlem. Malcolm existed on a diet of pimping, drugs, and burglary. He was eventually arrested for burglary and given an eight-to-ten-year prison sentence in 1946.
19 Fard’s attempt to convince his followers that carrying their former slave masters’ surnames symbolized their continued enslavement played to the estrangement and isolation that they had experienced in Detroit. Those members who could not afford an “original name” replaced their surnames with an “X,” a symbol that represented their unknown ancestral name. They became so ashamed of their old slave names that they considered that they could suffer no greater insult than to be addressed by the old name.
A History of the Nation of Islam: Race, Islam, and the Quest for Freedom by Dawn-Marie Gibson