Download e-book for iPad: A Brief History Of Saudi Arabia (Brief History) by James Wynbrandt

By James Wynbrandt

ISBN-10: 0816052034

ISBN-13: 9780816052035

ISBN-10: 0816057958

ISBN-13: 9780816057955

ISBN-10: 1438108303

ISBN-13: 9781438108308

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The collapse of the dam led to the end of the Sabaean civilization. Without irrigation, crops could no longer be grown. Inhabitants gradually abandoned the area. Nabataea In the northwestern corner of the peninsula, in what is now southern Jordan, the Nabataean civilization arose. C. These nomads became traders and merchants and established trading links extending from India, China, and the Far East to Greece, Rome, and Egypt. Incense, spices, gold, iron, copper, ivory, animals, sugar, medicines, fabric, and perfume were among the goods that passed through their territory.

And by condemning the idolatrous pagan practices that brought pilgrims to Mecca, Islam threatened the economic lifeblood of Mecca’s leading citizens, who profited from the pilgrimage. 35 A BRIEF HISTORY OF SAUDI ARABIA The Quraysh, Muhammad’s own tribe, as the guardian of the holy site, stood to lose the most. They could be driven from their position as caretakers of the sacred shrine, or even exterminated. Muhammad’s first followers, in addition to his wife, included his daughter, Fatima, father-in-law Abu Bakr, adopted son Ali Omar, and his slave Zayd ibn Haritha.

Nabataea remained independent. C. C. and ordered the Nabataeans to withdraw. Two years later, General Pompey sent a force to attack Petra, but the city remained independent. Whether this outcome was gained through military victory or tribute payment is unclear. C. precipitated a period of chaos in Rome’s Jordanian territories, which encouraged attacks on these outposts of the empire by the Parthian rulers of Mesopotamia and Persia. The Nabataeans supported the Parthians, and after Rome defeated their allies, Nabataea was forced to pay tribute to the victors.

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A Brief History Of Saudi Arabia (Brief History) by James Wynbrandt

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